Warner Baxter – A Brief Biography

“…you're going out a youngster, but you've got to come back a star!” – Warner Baxter’s Julian Marsh to Ruby Keeler’s Peggy Sawyer in 42nd Street (1933).

And despite his receiving only the second ever Academy Award for Best Actor as O. Henry’s The Cisco Kid in In Old Arizona (1928) it’s Marsh that Baxter is best remembered for today, by far.  Baxter himself was said to have favored the Kid, a role he’d play two more times in The Cisco Kid (1931) and The Return of the Cisco Kid (1939).

Warner Baxter 1936 Godfrey Phillips tobacco card Born in Columbus, Ohio on March 29, 1889, Baxter was an office boy prior to his celebrity.  It sounds way too storybook to be believed, but Baxter’s 1951 obituary from the Associated Press credits his own first big break into show biz as very much the same as Keeler’s Peggy Sawyer.  Mentioned casually in the summary of his life, without any direct reference to 42nd Street, the AP says Baxter got his start on stage in Columbus in 1910 when a dancer broke his ankle and Baxter replaced him.

While he didn’t come back a star quite yet, he did stick to the theater thereafter with the occasional period as an insurance salesman mixed in, one must assume to make ends meet.  He married his first wife, Viola Caldwell in 1911, but it was reported not to have lasted very long at all.  In 1913 he joined an Oklahoma Stock Company, but information is sparse about what Warner Baxter was doing between that time and his permanent arrival on the silent screens of the 1920’s.

Warner Baxter 1933 United Kingdom Cinema Stars tobacco card One potentially interesting note from the A.P. obit relates to Baxter’s first film appearance, Her Own Money.  The IMDb dates the film as 1914 and appears to have no other details about it beyond the fact that Baxter appears in an uncredited bit role.  The A.P. dates Her Own Money as 1916 and claims that it starred Ethel Clayton.

Baxter shows up in only one Broadway show listed in the Internet Broadway Database, albeit a succesful one.  Lombardi, Ltd. was performed 296 times between September 1917 and June 1918, though Baxter doesn’t receive any mention in the notices which concentrate on stars Leo Carrillo and Grace Valentine.  Potentially another IMDb error, their credit listing for the film version of Lombardi, Ltd. includes Baxter in an uncredited bit role, but I find this highly unlikely since Carrillo, Valentine, nor any of the other stage actors were used in the screen version.  Baxter did however develop into a successful male lead for Paramount and Famous Players-Lasky throughout the 1920’s.

Warner Baxter 1920s era 5x7 Fan Photo

The film for which Warner Baxter won his Academy Award, In Old Arizona, comes with its own Peggy Sawyer story—Raoul Walsh had been set to both direct and star the groundbreaking Western but a jackrabbit jumped through his windshield and blinded Walsh in his right eye.  The injury would lead to the eventual loss of Walsh’s eye and he’d sport an eye patch thereafter.  Obviously, Walsh was out.

Warner Baxter in In Old Arizona on a 1973 Postcard

Other popular Warner Baxter titles today seem limited to West of Zanzibar (1928), which let’s face it, like 42nd Street remains popular not because of Baxter, but in this case Lon Chaney; a pair with Myrna Loy, MGM's Penthouse (1933) and Frank Capra’s Broadway Bill (1934) for Columbia; and finally 1936’s The Prisoner of Shark Island, a feature where Baxter is indisputably the star attraction as Dr. Samuel Alexander Mudd, the doctor who treated John Wilkes Booth on his way from the Lincoln assassination.  You think Muni had it tough on the Chain Gang?  Give Shark Island a try.

Warner Baxter and Myrna Loy on a 1930s Shirleys Gum trading card

What I found interesting about Baxter and led to my writing about him in far greater detail than I had first imagined, is just how big this now all but forgotten star was.  If not for cementing his legacy with that 1930 Academy Award Warner Baxter would likely find himself in complete obscurity.  The amazing thing is just how very popular he must have been as throughout the late 1930’s he was among the highest paid personalities in Hollywood.

Based on contemporary reports in 1936 Baxter was one of just ten movie and radio stars to make over $200,000, pulling down a salary of $284,384.  Gary Cooper led all earners that year at $370,214.  The following years saw a dip to $225,961 earned by Baxter but 1938 saw him as highest paid actor at $279,807—Claudette Colbert led all film stars with a reported income of $301,994.  Just to give you a little more flavor of the times, Baxter paid $130,000 in income taxes on his 1938 earnings.

So what happened?  Well, during the 1940’s Baxter slipped to B status playing the lead, Dr. Robert Ordway, in a series of ten Crime Doctor movies distributed by Columbia Pictures from 1943-1949.  Perhaps this descent has diminished his overall legacy?

Warner Baxter and Ann Loring on a 1936 promotional photo for Robin Hood of El Dorado

In his spare time Baxter was a tinkerer and inventor who as reported by Popular Mechanics in 1935 co-created a revolver-searchlight which would cast a light on a target and allow a marksman to fire at it through the dark.  Later he invented a radio-controlled device that would allow police and firemen to change traffic signals from up to two blocks away in order to better guarantee them safe passage through intersections.  Baxter installed this device at a local Beverly Hills intersection at his own expense in 1940 and it was said to have worked.  Said Baxter, “You just push a button on the dashboard of your car and the signals turn red in all directions.”  In the same interview Baxter claims that he’s used his earlier invention on hunting trips and has found that it “works perfectly.”

The only other item of interest I could find about Baxter’s personal life is a constant reference of being at William Powell’s side when Jean Harlow died.  Baxter and Powell appeared together in three 1926 features at Paramount, Along the South Seas, The Runaway, and The Great Gatsby, in which Baxter played Jay Gatsby, and I can only assume they formed a long-lasting friendship from that time.

Warner Baxter 1930s Film Weekly Postcard

Warner Baxter’s own end was filled with pain and suffering.  Newspapers report two hospitalizations early in 1951 prior to his death May 7 of that same year.  Baxter suffered from terrible arthritis that caused so much pain he wasn’t even able to eat.  This developed into a vitamin deficiency and left him on the verge of starvation.  In February ‘51 Baxter spent three weeks in a hospital for treatment, improving well enough during that time to be sent home.  During his second hospitalization in April, Baxter was given a lobotomy with hopes that the operation would lessen the pain and allow him to eat again.  Thankfully he was spared starvation when bronchial pneumonia set in and caused his death at age 62.

Baxter’s obituary says that he was survived by his beloved second wife of 33 years, Winifred Bryson, a veteran of the stage and screen herself through 1928, and his mother, Mrs. Jane Baxter.  I could not find any reports of children.

Warner Baxter 1936 R95 8x10 Premium Photo

Warner Baxter 1930s Haus Bergmann tobacco card


  1. says

    Only seen one movie with Warner Baxter, Squaw man. He was quite good in it. Kinda Ronald Colman-y.

    I think it’s interesting how many stars were tinkerers/inventors. Warren William, Warner Baxter and I’m finding out reading “A Dreadful Man” that George Sanders was a tinkerer as well. He famously rewired many friends homes and had a huge workshop in his place. At the time he married Zsa Zsa Gabor he refused to move in with her because her house had no shop and his tiny apartment, adjacent to a large workshop, was too small for her and her daughter and their nanny.

    • says

      That’s funny, I always thought the Ronald Colman thing myself … but for the life of me I don’t know why! The mustache?

      Jenny, I was dying to pull Warren William into this because you have the tinkering, the presumed (in Baxter’s case I couldn’t confirm) lack of heirs, and a 1930’s hey day followed by spending the 1940’s in a Columbia mystery series. Then you have the early death and poof!–forgotten. What’s up with that?

      The tinkering is getting strange. It’s becoming a common trait. Wonder if they had a secret club or something?

  2. Jacqueleigh says

    I have a manuscript to the movie “the return of cisco kid” with warren baxter 1938 property of fox television…Found it in a old box of books in a barn.It’s in great condion! It says in the front of book that it wasnt but 3 copies made for them to return after studing their parts, it’s very interesting and wondering how much it may be worth if anything!

  3. Noirkiss3 says

    Great write up, you sure like the forgotten ones. Couple thoughts on Warner. He is fantastic in West of Zanzibar. I especially get a kick out of the drunken “booty” dance he does. I love him with Myrna Loy both in The Penthouse and Broadway Bill. The latter of the two is one of Capra’s best. Six hours to live has a nice poetic quality. to it. He really was in a nice assortment of movie before settling into the Crime Doctor roles which can be hit or miss. A similar trajectory to our friend Warren William. Died too young but thanks to new availabilty he will hopefully be more appreciated as time goes by.

    • says

      Very similar to Warren William @224733667c82d93d78ecb090ec25b1f8:disqus that still sticks out in my memory from writing this!

      Love all the films you mention with West of Zanzibar most recent on my mind and Penthouse sitting on my nightstand at the moment for a refresher sometime soon!

      Odd to get a comment on this one tonight as I am right now putting finishing touches on a post about Adam Had Four Sons that I hope to have up before sunrise this morning!

  4. Noirkiss3 says

    Jeebus, now it may seem like a leap but since you are the author I can’t help but do a Baxter comparison with Warren William. Here is what I’ve got.
    Warren William and Warner Baxter both men were:
    done with A pics by 30’s end
    leads in B crime series in 40’s
    never looked young (IMHOP)
    married to one woman whole life
    largely forgotten in second half of century
    written about by Cliff

    • says

      Gold Diggers of 1933 vs. 42nd Street (I could always see Warren as Julian Marsh!)

      B crime series, yep, The Lone Wolf vs. Crime Doctor

      Along with your points on one woman/largely forgotten, neither had children which I think could have helped kept their names going to some extent.

  5. Erik says

    I found your write up very informative. Believe this or not but I am a relative of Warner Baxter. His second wife was related to my grandmother. I have a few studio pics you may not have seen if interested contact me by email at spritsoar@netzero.net

  6. TOM OBRIEN says


  7. Kelly says

    BTW for relative who was related to Warren Baxter hey GET TV that new regular tv channel been showing his Crime doctor movies during past March

  8. Steve Foster says

    Warner Baxter was my late maternal Grandmother’s cousin. Her maiden name was Rosina Baxter and her last surviving child, my Uncle Len (who turned 90 in May), is quite like Warner (except his hair and moustache are white). I never knew my Grandmother and I don’t think she ever met Warner as she lived here in the UK all her life but I was told she did see many of his films and my late Mother had 42nd Street on DVD and she used to say she could see my Grandmother in Warner. He sadly isn’t very well known these days when compared to contemporary stars of the time but when I’ve mentioned he played the Cisco Kid, some people do react to that.

    • says

      Thanks, Steve. He’s wonderful in 42nd Street. I really like him, good sturdy actor who always gave a fine performance. This post is a few years old, but I wrote about another of his movies recently, Frank Capra’s Broadway Bill co-starring Myrna Loy. Tell them about the Oscar he won as Cisco, that ought to impress them!

  9. James Nausley says

    I was going through the library and found an article that said that a local boy, Billy Ray Santschi, from Crystal City, MO was going to Hollywood where he was hired to play the son of Warner Baxter in a Columbia picture called “Legacy”. Not sure of the year. He was listed in the movie as just Billy Ray. Have not found the film.

    • says

      Hi James, Legacy was the working title of Adam Had Four Sons (1941), which I actually have covered in some detail on the site HERE. The movie starred Baxter with Ingrid Bergman, Fay Wray, and Susan Hayward. Young Billy Ray grows up to become Richard Denning later in the film. I think it currently plays on GetTV every so often, though I’ve caught it on TCM in the past. Good luck, Cliff

  10. Anonymous says

    I had never heard of Mr Baxter I found an autographed photo of him in an antique store and just had to buy it there was just something about his eyes.

  11. Dean S. DeSoto says

    My cousin was very close to him. Her stage name was Barbara Lee, real name Ernestine Barber. Discovered letter and signed photograph she kept over 40 years after he died. Seeking more information please. Dean S. DeSoto, San Antonio, Texas. Email catsnorth@sbcglobal.net


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